The Economically Weaker Section, also known as EWS, is a group of people and households that earn relatively low incomes. Their economic security is determined by their income, which is the dominant criterion of economic insecurity. EWS demands economic, political and social justice for this group. But what does the full form of EWS mean? What are the causes of EWS? How can it be remedied?
Economically Weaker Section
The Economically Weaker Section is a subcategory of the Economy Based Un-Reserved Category. As such, this category does not fall under any category, including the MBC. However, in Tamil Nadu, this group is still considered to be economically weaker than other sections. In addition, these people do not receive reservation benefits, a fact that has caused some people to question the legality of this term.
To be eligible for this certificate, you must have an annual income of less than eight lakh rupees, or an equivalent sum. The size of your flat or agricultural land should be less than five acres. Alternatively, if you are self-employed, you should live in a flat or apartment that is not more than one hundred square feet. Moreover, the EWS certificate is valid only for a period of two years.
The government’s policy to reserve seats for the Economically Weaker Section was originally justified as a governmental policy for people of lower socio-economic status. However, there were some criticisms of the new policy, as it diluted the governmental intention to promote minorities. For example, the Economically Weaker Section is not a homogenous class; it is simply a classification based on the size of a family’s monthly income.
The Supreme Court has decided to continue with the government’s EWS order, but imposed a tight deadline for payments of the Earnest Money Deposit (EMD) and charges. The order will be re-examined by the court in March. If there are any objections, the government may seek to rethink the yearly salary standards according to local conditions. And finally, EWS is a section of society that deserves better treatment than others.
The term Economically Weaker Section is different from the phrase “Unprivileged” section, which refers to those without caste or religion. Despite the similarities in the language, the Economically Weaker Section refers to people with low income. As the term implies, they are generally people with incomes below the poverty line. Thus, the term does not have a clear definition, but it is related to the preamble of the Indian Constitution.
The 10% quota for the Economically Weaker Section was approved by the Union Cabinet Ministry on 7th January 2019. But it is unclear whether the money will be distributed in one go or over an undefined period of time. As a result, colleges are not sure whether they should accept the advance or not. The Higher Education Financing Agency has different bottlenecks, but the decision should be final. The government should take all necessary steps to implement the quota.
The EWS (Economically Weaker Section) is a subcategory of the General Category. People belonging to this category must have a family income of less than Rs8 lakhs. Candidates from the general category can also apply. A 10% additional quota was introduced by the Union Government of India in the Constitution (One Hundred And Twenty-four Amendment) Bill, 2019, which provides a 10-percent additional quota for the Economically Weaker Section.
The Constitution 103rd Amendment Act of 2019 has made 10% of the total workforce available for Economically Weaker Sections. This reservation has eliminated inadequacy, one of the main means of discrimination in India. The Indian constitution established the principle of reservation for Schedule Caste and Schedule Tribe under the concept of greater access to services and opportunities. The father of the Indian constitution, Dr. B R Ambedkar, was very much concerned with fraternity among citizens.
Economically Backward Class
The Economically Backward Class (EBC) is the poorest segment of society, whose members cannot afford the basics of life. It does not belong to any specific category, such as the MBC, and is not a separate class within the same category. In Tamil Nadu, the EBC falls under the Unreserved Category. Therefore, in Tamil Nadu, this section of the population does not have any distinct MBC status.
In 2014-15, the term “Economically Backward Class” was coined. This designation reflects the fact that the majority of people in India come from economically backward families. As a result, the government created the Dr Ambedkar Post-matric Scholarship for EBC students, which provides 50% fee waiver for students pursuing pre-professional courses in health sciences. EBC students are also eligible for the other Centrally Sponsored Schemes that offer interest subsidies for studying abroad.
These people fall under the “EBC” category because their annual income falls below the poverty line. The government of India determines whether an individual belongs to the EBC category, and it is based on their annual income. Those in this group do not receive any kind of reservation in jobs or education. Although 70% of the population is considered to be an EBC, these people are still not as fortunate as those in more privileged categories.
Despite the fact that the government has a number of ways to determine eligibility, these groups are still considered “Beasts of the Earth.” In a 2012 report, the Commission for the Economically Backward Class (EBC) defined these groups as tribes, castes, and groups within tribes. They are classified under Article 342 of the Indian Constitution, as are the Scheduled Castes and Tribes.
The Constitution of India requires the government to promote the welfare of OBCs. It also empowers the president to appoint a commission to study the conditions of these groups and make recommendations to improve their situation. The commission must consist of persons the president deems fit and must investigate the issues referred to it. Finally, the commission must submit a report to the president. It is the responsibility of the president to implement the recommendations.
This article aims to initiate a constitutional approach to the treatment of the backward population in India. It identifies the issues facing these groups and recommends better government action. It draws upon constitutional provisions and the Mandal Commission reports. The article has a variety of practical implications for OBCs. It is not meant to be political commentary but a way to initiate change in the socioeconomic life of backward people. You can start by reading it. It contains helpful information for the government to implement these reforms.
It also makes sense to recognize the social and economic aspects of economic backwardness and make accommodations accordingly. The economic backwardness must be a result of social and economic backwardness. Ambedkar argued that the economic backwardness must follow social backwardness. However, if you think that the two are synonymous, then it is worth noting that they are not. In the case of the former, economic backwardness must necessarily be a consequence of social backwardness, and vice-versa.
In the Indian Constitution, the word “backward class” refers to the lower strata of society. Articles 15(4) and 16(4) refer to the backward class. Article 340(1) enables the state to make special provisions for the backward classes, and empowers a commission to investigate this class. During colonial times, the term “backward class” denoted people from marginal castes, communities, and tribes.
The EBC certificate is an important document to submit as part of a general application for government benefits. The application form should clearly describe the circumstances under which the applicant is eligible for the Economically Backward Class certificate. It should be short, simple, and direct, with accurate and cross-verified details. Disparity between the applicant’s application form and the supporting documentation may result in rejection. So, use an EBC certificate template to create a successful application.